Mumbai local sax com formula for radiocarbon dating
Flautist was used in 1860 by Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Marble Faun, after being adopted during the 18th century from Italy (flautista, itself from flauto), like many musical terms in England since the Italian Renaissance.Other English terms, now virtually obsolete, are fluter (15th–19th centuries) The oldest flute ever discovered may be a fragment of the femur of a juvenile cave bear, with two to four holes, found at Divje Babe in Slovenia and dated to about 43,000 years ago. The five-holed flute has a V-shaped mouthpiece and is made from a vulture wing bone.A number of flutes dating to about 43,000 to 35,000 years ago have been found in the Swabian Jura region of present-day Germany.These flutes demonstrate that a developed musical tradition existed from the earliest period of modern human presence in Europe.Open-ended flutes such as the concert flute and the recorder have more harmonics, and thus more flexibility for the player, and brighter timbres.An organ pipe may be either open or closed, depending on the sound desired.As such, Jubal is regarded in the Judeo-Christian tradition as the inventor of the flute (a word used in some translations of this biblical passage).Archeological digs in the Holy Land have discovered flutes from both the Bronze Age (c.
The English verb flout has the same linguistic root, and the modern Dutch verb fluiten still shares the two meanings. Flutist dates back to at least 1603, the earliest quote cited by the Oxford English Dictionary.For a list of notable flute performers, see List of flautists. Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening.According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel–Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones.However, some flutes, such as the whistle, gemshorn, flageolet, recorder, tin whistle, tonette, fujara, and ocarina have a duct that directs the air onto the edge (an arrangement that is termed a "fipple"). The fipple gives the instrument a distinct timbre which is different from non-fipple flutes and makes the instrument easier to play, but takes a degree of control away from the musician.Another division is between side-blown (or transverse) flutes, such as the Western concert flute, piccolo, fife, dizi and bansuri; and end-blown flutes, such as the ney, xiao, kaval, danso, shakuhachi, Anasazi flute and quena.